Why learn phrasal verbs? When do I use them?

(English version below)

每個短語動詞,通常都有一個等效的單字動詞。

例如,“take in” = “receive”(into the mind),如:

“He’s teaching so fast, I can’t take everything in!”

外國孩子從他們初學說話時,就開始使用短語動詞,並且經常在他們學習等效的單字動詞之前。

相比之下,英語學習者,在學習等效的短語動詞之前,經常學習單字動詞。

因此,如果一個英語(中級或更低級別)的學習者與母語為英語的孩子說話,很可能不能相互理解,即使他們都可能正確地說英語。

短語動詞聽起來,通常不像它們對應的單詞動詞。

在學術寫作中(例如在雅思寫作試卷task 2)或其他類型的正式寫作中通常首選單詞動詞。

短語動詞通常用和朋友和家人的非正式溝通(書面或口頭)(包括雅思通用模式task 1中寫給朋友的信件)。

English version

For every phrasal verb, there is normally an equivalent one-word verb.

For example, “take in” = “receive” (into the mind) as in:

“He’s teaching so fast, I can’t take everything in!”

Native English speaker children start using phrasal verbs from when they first learn to speak, and often before they learn the equivalent one-word verb.

In contrast, learners of English as a foreign language often learn the one-word verbs before they learn the equivalent phrasal verbs.

Therefore, if a learner of English (of intermediate level or lower) were speaking with a native English speaker child, there is a good chance that both will not understand each other a lot of the time, even though they might both be speaking English correctly.

Phrasal verbs normally sound less formal than their one-word verb counterparts.

One-word verbs are generally preferred in academic writing (such as in IELTS Writing Test Task 2), or other types of formal writing.

Phrasal verbs are typically used in informal messages (written or spoken) to friends and family (including letters in IELTS General Training Test Task 1 addressed to a friend).

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