Does IELTS writing Task 1 need a conclusion?

Should you include a conclusion in your answer to IELTS writing Task 1? Not necessarily (it depends) – see below.

Remember, the type of text you write in Task 1 is called an information transfer; the one in Task 2, an essay.

Here are some important differences between the two:

Writing Task 2 essay

  • must include your own relevant knowledge on the topic
  • must show your opinion(s) if it is asked
  • must include a conclusion

Writing Task 1 information transfer

  • must include an introduction plus a clear overview (i.e. typically in the opening paragraph)
  • must include all relevant information from the diagram or table, and any surrounding text
  • must NOT include your own knowledge about the data (beyond the data shown)
  • must NOT include your personal opinion(s) on the data or topic
  • does NOT require a conclusion about the data

In some cases, a further conclusion can be drawn (which was not explicitely stated earlier in the ‘clear overview’), in which case, writing it could make your response sound more “fully developed”, and therefore earn you a higher score in the ‘Task Achievement’ criteria.

However, if you decide to write a conclusion, then do not simply repeat the ideas of your overview, as you will not earn you any more marks.

More importantly, writing half an overview at the beginning, and completing the other half at the end will earn you less marks in Task Achievement than a ‘clear’ (complete) overview in one single place.

One way to make your Task 1 text sound more ‘complete’ or “fully developed” without repeating your overview is to end with what I call a ‘coda’. Expert writers tend to include one without realising it. Click here for more information on this.

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