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IELTS 9 Test 3 Task 1

The four pie charts show the predicted changes in age demographics of Yemen and Italy from 2000 to 2050.

From the charts, it can be observed that in both countries the population distribution is expected to have fewer younger people and more older people by the end of the 50-year period.

In 2000, just over half (50.1%) of Yemen’s population were aged from 0 to 14 years old. The remaining half was predominantly made up of people between 15 and 59 (46.3%), with the rest (3.6%) 60 and over. By 2050, there is expected to be a dramatic shift where children will comprise only 37%, and 15-59 year olds an extra 11% (57.3%), and 60+ year olds will increase significantly to 5.7%.

While, in contrast to Yemen’s, Italy’s 0-14 year olds in 2000 made up only 14.3% compared to its 15-59 year olds (61.6%) and 60_ year olds (24.1%), it’s population is forecast to undergo a similar aging trend to Yemen’s, albeit with far more elderly. By 2050, children will drop slightly to 15.5%, and so too will the proportion aged 15-59 (down to 46.2%). 60+ year olds will see a massive increase to 42.3%.

(195 words)

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