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IELTS 3 Test 2 Task 1

The bar charts give information on the levels of involvement in schooling, science and technology, and research and development for developing versus industrialised countries in 1980 and 1990.

From the charts, it is clearly apparent that developed nations saw far more participation in all three sectors than did developing countries. In addition, the levels of activity in those areas experienced a significant growth over the ten year span for both categories of countries apart for research and development, which fell noticeably in less developed countries.

In 1980, children in industrialised countries spent an average of eight and a half years at school, whereas those in developing countries attended school for a quarter as much time. By 1990, the figures for both types of countries had increased by about 20 percent and 30 percent respectively. Similarly, in 1980, there were about 4 times as many people in science and technology professions in developed countries than for developing countries (40 versus 10 people per 1000), and by 1990, both countries’ figures had risen (by 60% and 40% respectively).

With research and development, however, the trend differed between the two types of countries – developing nations saw a sharp decline in the amount of capital spent ($50 billion to less than $25 billion), whereas for industrialised nations, investment soared over the decade to reach more than twice the level ten years earlier ($160 billion to $350 billion).

(215 words)

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