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IELTS 2 Test 1 Task 1

The table shows the percentages of various modern convenience items owned by families in Great Britain over a twelve-year period.

According to the table, there is a general increasing trend of ownership over the period for all appliances listed. It is also apparent that most of those items were to be found in the majority of homes.

At the beginning of the period (1972), the four most commonly owned household consumer items were television, vacuum cleaner, refrigerator and washing machine, with 93, 87, 73 and 66 percent of families respectively possessing these. All four saw increases in popularity, such that by the end of the twelve-year period, 98 percent of homes had a TV; 94 percent a refrigerator; and 80 percent a washing machine. No figure is shown for vacuum cleaners for that year, but by the previous year (1982) it had soared to 94 percent – the highest increase of the four (21%).

Other, albeit less popular, items also saw significant gains in popularity, namely, the telephone and central heating, which rose from 42 and 37 percent respectively in 1972 to 77 and 64 percent by 1983. Two appliances listed – the dishwasher and the VCR – were not tabulated during the first half of the period. The dishwasher first appeared in 1978 at a mere 3 percent of homes, and remained relatively constant until 1983 at 5 percent, while the video made its debut in 1983, and was suddenly found in almost 1 in 5 homes in that year.

(248 words)

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